A Glossy of Essential CBD terms

In order to be a savvy consumer of CBD products, you need to speak the language. A number of terms are frequently used in discussing CBD and its possible health benefits. Learning the following will help you understand how CBD might benefit you.

CBD

CBD is short for Cannabidiol, one of more than 100 chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant, known collectively as cannabinoids. THC, the intoxicating psychoactive cannabinoid found in marijuana, is the most well known. Unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating and produces no cognitive effects.

CBD seems to have helped many people in improving their health and wellness and alleviate symptoms of some chronic ailments.

CDB is a legal, over-the-counter supplement, usually sold as tinctures, capsules or vapes.

CBD Oil

CBD oil is an essential oil extracted from hemp plants which contains a concentration of CBD. It is also called “hemp oil” and “CBD oil.”

(NOTE: CBD oil extracted from marijuana plants has high concentrations of THC and is therefore regulated, or in many places, illegal.)

The most common methods of extracting CBD oil is via CO2, which uses liquefied CO2 to separate the oil from the plant, and then precipitate out the oil as the CO2 is converted back to a gaseous state.

The other common method uses ethanol (ethyl alcohol) in a low-temperature extraction process.
CBD oil is can be “full spectrum”, containing other cannabinoids in addition to CBD, or “isolate based”, contains only CBD.

Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol is shortened to CBD, and is one of the 113 non-psychoactive cannabinoids in cannabis. Hemp plants are excellent sources of CBD. CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid, even when ingested in large amounts.

Cannabinoids

In the human body, naturally produced cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids, are the chemical messengers of the endocannabinoid system. Externally produced cannabinoids extracted form Cannabis are called exogenous cannabinoids or just cannabinoids.

Dabbing

Dabbing is consuming Cannabis extracts by flash vaporization – usually inhaled after being vaporized on a hot surface.

Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system in the human body (ECS) is composed of groups of cell receptors and their corresponding molecules. They interact with endocannabinoids and exogenous cannabinoids to help the body maintain homeostasis by modulating basic systems such as sleep, temperature, and digestion.

Entourage Effect

The entourage effect is also called the ‘sum is greater than the parts.’ Many cannabinoids can interact synergistically, producing enhanced or different effects than when present in other compounds or alone. “Full spectrum” CBD products contain multiple cannabinoids and may produce a healthful entourage affect.

Full-Spectrum

The essence of the plant. Full-spectrum CBD products contain, in addition to CBD and other cannabinoids, the terpenes, unsaturated hydrocarbons, and flavonoids of the source plant.

They also contain omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, and all 20 amino acids.

Hemp or Industrial Hemp

A non-psychoactive cannabis plant with long, tough fibers used for centuries as a source of rope, matting, food and even skin care. Hemp and marijuana are both of the species cannabis sativa, but hemp has only trace amounts of TCH, so low that it is not required to be classified as a controlled substance.

Hemp Oil

Hemp oil is the essence of the hemp plant produced by extraction. Hemp oil and CBD oil are interchangeable terms. When you select hemp oil, be sure to check the label to see the concentration of CDB in the product.

Hemp Seed Oil

Hemp seed oil does NOT contain CBD and is made by pressing the seeds of the hemp plant. Though hemp seed oil has many uses, it is the presence of CDB that is associated with health benefits. Hemp seeds contain no CBD.

Homeostasis

A state of the human body that refers to equilibrium or balance.

Isolate

CBD isolate is Cannabidiol in its purest form, derived by additional processing that removes chlorophyll, waxes and other plant materials. The result is more than 99 percent CBD. Isolates are flavorless and odorless. Ideal for anyone wanting to avoid even trace amounts of THC.

Marijuana

Marijuana is a cannabis plant classified as a Schedule One controlled substance due to the presence of high levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), a psychoactive cannabinoid that affects mental state and cognition.

Pure CBD Oil

Pure CBD oil is created using CBD isolate with MCT oil and anhydrous hemp oil.

Terpenes

Terpenes are type of chemical compound found in cannabis plant. They are responsible for the plant’s distinct aroma. Terpenes may interact with other compounds to alter the effects of DCB, known as the entourage effect.

Tinctures

A CBD tincture is a blend of CBD extract and carrier oil such as MCT, and can be either a full-spectrum CBD oil or isolate. Tinctures are usually taken sublingually so cannabinoids can be absorbed before reaching the digestive tract.

THC

THC is the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in the Cannabis plant. THC is responsible for the marijuana high. Hemp plants contain trace amounts of THC – less than .3 percent – too low to have any mental or cognitive effect.

Topicals

An external application. CBD can be absorbed through the skin as a cream or ointment, which are often preferred by those looking for a targeted rather than a system-wide benefit from CBD.

Vaping

Vaping means to inhale the vapor of a heated substance. It is one of the fastest forms of CBD delivery. CBD vape products and CBD oils are formulated differently and are not typically interchangeable.

Wax

CBD wax is a more crystallized form of the lipids that occur in CBD oil. CBD wax can be taken sublingually, but is popularly ‘dabbed,’ by heating and inhaling. “Shatter”, “crumble” and “budder” are forms of CBD wax differentiated by their consistency.

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